Papilloma removal

Papilloma removal procedure

Papillomas are benign growths. The main reason for the removal is their unesthetic appearance, the location in the area of †‹вЂ‹ women's décolleté. The cause of the formation is associated with a decrease in immunity, a viral disease that was previously transmitted.

Variety of papilloma

Human papillomaviruses have more than 10 genotypes, but only a small number are the most common.

Simple or vulgar warts

This type of formation most often infects the human epidermis. Their localization is the scalp, neck, face, hands, body, skin folds.

The most effective method of getting rid of papilloma is medication; operate (by scalpel, cryo-, laser-, radio, electrocoagulation methods); combined (papilloma removal followed by drug therapy to prevent recurrence).

Medium warts have a regular round or oval shape. They can rise above the surface of the epidermis by 5 millimeters or more.

Their diameter reaches 1 centimeter. The wart structure is soft, homogeneous, and has no internal seal. The disease is not accompanied by symptomatic manifestations. In most cases, they are harmless.

The method of treating papilloma is chosen strictly individually in each case. It is necessary to take into account the contraindications to certain methods of exposure.

For example, a patient may have a cold allergy and this may be a barrier to cryotherapy.

Flat warts

Flat growth is also referred to as youthfulness. Children, as well as those who have reached puberty, are prone to the onset of pathology.

In old age, neoplasms are very rare. Experts associate the formation of flat warts with hormonal changes. They are formed as a result of past viral diseases.

Growth occurs in single or multiple forms. They do not rise above the surface of the skin. The color of the growth is light, close to the natural skin color.

Localization location: face, neck, back of arms and legs. No serious concomitant symptoms. This disease does not require treatment.

Filiform warts

A special feature of the formation is the presence of a thin base. For this reason, they are called pedunculated. These warts grow long.

The dimensions of the individual formation reach 1 centimeter. The main problem of filamentous warts is high trauma.

Having thin legs makes them vulnerable. Warts are more often localized on the neck, in the armpits, on the skin of the face and décolleté.

Plantar warts

Another name for pathology is spine. Its formation is a dense growth. When it hits the base, a painful sensation arises, reminiscent of a needle puncture.

Externally, they are easily confused with corn or calluses. The appearance of a wart is often accompanied by the growth of the disease.

Genital warts

Human papillomavirus is sexually transmitted. If there is an infection, warts form in the intimate area - warts in the genital area.

Their place of localization is the reproductive organs and the anal area. The disease manifests itself in the form of small corporal papules.

The papilloma itself is harmless. Its formation is not accompanied by unpleasant symptoms, but thin skin is prone to injury. Injury to the formation causes the addition of secondary infections.

In addition to the species listed, there are flat warts and internal formations. Although there are no accompanying symptoms, the presence of the formation requires referral to a specialist and periodic monitoring.

Causes of formation removal

The reasons from which papillomas originate are not fully understood. Often it affects the face, neck, décolleté. Experts recommend removing the papilloma even in conditions that do not cause serious inconvenience.

Reasons for mandatory surgery include:

  • high riskdamagepapilloma;
  • activeheightor the development of new formations, their spread in the skin;
  • repeatedpapilloma formation after drug treatment.

It is also recommended to remove papillomas when localized in open areas of the body. The fact that its growth is itchy or itchy is of concern.

Effective removal methods

Modern medicine offers patients various ways to deal with papilloma:

  • medicinetherapy;
  • operationinterfere;
  • combinedtreatment;
  • methodthe peoplemedicine.

The choice of therapy scheme is made by the doctor depending on the size and location of the formation.

Drug therapy

For small formations and their localization in non -traumatic places, it is recommended to use drug therapy.

Conservative treatment is very effective for fresh warts and its localization in areas with thin and sensitive skin. Medication does not always allow the formation to be completely removed.

The drug is used alone or in combination. Often, specialists prescribe topical medications in conjunction with antiviral therapy.

Surgical intervention

With the localization of the papilloma in open areas of the skin, the appearance of unpleasant symptoms or an increased risk of injury, surgical intervention allows you to get rid of it:

  1. Surgeryremoval. The easiest and most affordable method to get rid of accumulation. Currently, it is rarely used in medicine. It is accompanied by a high risk of scar formation.
  2. Electrocoagulation.The method is the removal of accumulation by the action of an electric current. High frequency currents are delivered to the affected area, leading to the eradication of the treated area. The procedure is quick and painless.
  3. Laserfreezing. A special feature of this method is the use of a laser beam to remove the buildup. The method is not traumatic. It is characterized by a fast healing time. Thanks to the laser effect and immediate sealing of the vessel in the treated area, the risk of bleeding during the procedure is minimal.
  4. Cryotherapy.This method is based on exposure to ultra low temperatures. The formation is frozen with liquid nitrogen. The main disadvantage of this method is the inability to control the depth of the treated area accurately. As a result, healthy adjacent tissues are affected.
  5. Radiosurgery.Papilloma removal is performed by radio waves. Special devices act on the formation and removal of affected tissue. This method is actively used in modern medicine and is considered very effective and painless.

The method of surgical intervention is determined depending on the size of the formation, its location and number.

Combined treatment

Often, experts recommend using combination treatments. This consists of removal of the existing formation and subsequent drug therapy. The combined regimen aims to prevent the risk of subsequent papilloma development on the patient’s skin.

Care after removal

To speed up the wound healing process after papilloma removal, certain recommendations must be followed.

After surgery, it is forbidden to display the surface of the wound until injured. You also can’t stick it with plaster. Lack of fresh air slows tissue regeneration. The only thing is that when you go out, the wound can be covered with a bacterial adhesive plaster.

Also, after manipulation, the skin should be restricted from prolonged exposure to direct sunlight.

During the day, you can not wet the wound, and even apply cosmetics on it.

In addition, at least 3 weeks you should refuse to visit the solarium, bathhouse, swimming pool.

For the treatment of this site, experts advise using antiseptics.